Airsoft guns are a common gadget used in the 21st century by many factions of our society. Gun enthusiasts in Japan invented the airsoft gun during the 1970s because it was illegal for private persons to own firearms. Later, the guns became popular collector’s items and were eventually marked as a hobby or sports guns.

Airsoft guns are designed to operate on low power and are used for shooting on non-metallic surfaces and biodegradable materials. They do not penetrate much and are used for recreational purposes. Learn how do airsoft guns work in this article!

Types of airsoft guns

There are three different types of soft guns based on how pellets propel. These three different types are:

Are airsoft guns dangerous?

man holding an airsoft rifle

Airsoft guns can be dangerous if not used cautiously. Although they cannot damage the skin or penetrate inside the human body or other metallic surfaces, if the pellet or the bullet propelled by an airsoft gun hits the eye, then it may cause it to bleed or cause sight problems.

Hence safety rules should be strictly observed while playing sports using airsoft guns, such as wearing protective eye gear and protective shields.

How accurate are airsoft guns?

Since airsoft guns are designed for recreational purposes, they cannot be used for targets at a longer distance. They can hit a target accurately if it is situated up to a distance of 50 to 60 yards.

The maximum effective range of even the best airsoft guns is around 100 meters (328ft). However, you’ll need to purchase a high-quality sniper rifle to have any chance of maintaining accuracy at this range.

How do airsoft guns work?

Spring airsoft guns

Spring airsoft guns consist of a coil spring-loaded piston air pump that is manually cocked. It requires to be pumped for each new fire. They are weak and work in a narrow range. In the UK, they are affectionately known as “springers” and were often a player’s introduction to the sport due to the entry-level cost compared to AEG and GBB weapons.

Almost all airsoft players once owned a spring weapon, whether for its actual use in a competitive event or for the replica value, since some airsoft weapons are only available as spring versions. Cleaning out the barrel is easy. All you’ll need is a cleaning rod and a piece of good-quality paper towel. Gently spin the rod while moving it down the length of the barrel, and repeat the process as needed.

Spring airsoft guns are often used by roadside vendors to shoot balloons as a sport option for children.

Spring-powered airsoft guns are more powerful than electrical-powered airsoft guns but weaker than gas-powered airsoft guns. These may not last long due to the tension exerted on gun parts by the recoiling of a powerful spring.

These are less expensive than their electrical equivalent due to simplicity and lack of electrical components. They do not provide accuracy for long-range use. And they have an advantage over electrical airsoft guns as they can be used anywhere and do not rely on electrical power or batteries.

In colder weather, spring pistols are more reliable than gas-powered pistols and even the batteries on automatic electric pistols (AEPs), both of which can be adversely affected by extremely low temperatures.

This represents one of the major advantages of a spring airsoft gun, as it can be fired in practically any situation without relying on batteries or bottled gas. Shooting with a BB gun is a great way to learn to shoot and to learn safety habits. Regardless of the rifle you move on to; the basics are the same.

man aiming with a spring airsoft sniper rifle

Electric airsoft guns

Electrical airsoft guns use a spring mechanism similar to spring airsoft guns, but the spring is recoiled by electrical energy provided to it by a rechargeable battery. Batteries usually take 5 to 8 hours to charge. These guns are more expensive than the spring airsoft guns as they have electrical parts in them that operate the spring coiling mechanism.

Its inner barrel can be cleaned with a paper towel, but other internal components require lubrication. Competitive players who are new to the field should buy at least one electrical soft gun, preferably from Tokyo Marui.

Gas airsoft guns

Gas airsoft guns use pneumatic potential energy stored within compressed gas to fire. Common gases used are CO2, green gas, and propane. They are used in place of electrical guns due to size constraints.

They are not just limited to pistols; submachine guns, sniper rifles, and assault rifles commonly use gas mechanisms. These are usually used for self-defense purposes.

Cleaning requires a cloth or paper towel for the barrel and a lubricant for internal parts to reduce friction. If we compare GBB (gas blowback) and AEG (automatic electric gun), then we realize GBB is more powerful than AEG. They do not rely on batteries to supply them power and have the advantage of being used in places where AEG are restricted by their size.

Which airsoft replica is the best for you?

Well, the answer to this question entirely depends on your use of it. If you have an active supply of electricity and it’s easy for you to carry a battery along with the luggage, you can easily use electrical airsoft guns. Also, it is important to know that they can only be used in small spaces. But given the situations like smart management, it is best to use GBB. They have a wide range of accuracy and can be used without electrical energy.


In a nutshell, we can say that airsoft guns are a good alternative to real guns and can be used in police and military training by newcomers. A wide range of airsoft guns is being used for recreational purposes. They vary in their shooting range and sizes.

They have different prices depending upon their shooting mechanism, making it easy for a person to choose according to his budget. GBB has an advantage over AEG and other guns as they are powered by gas and don’t rely on the power supply or manual pump for every fire.